Understanding Copper

informs on about 375 pages about Technical, Business and Market Topics in the whole Value Chain of Copper.
Download here the whole Table of Contents (PDF)
Properties Properties
Copper in the Perodic Table - Electrical, Chemical, Mechanical, Biological Properties - Influence of Properties on Applications, Workability, Conductivity and Corrosion - Recrystallization
History History
Copper in the Neolithic, the Bronze Age and during Roman Times - Copper in the Middle Ages - The importance of Copper in the industrial Revolution - Copper and the Electrical Age
Properties Occurence
Copper Minerals - Origin of Copper Minerals - Reserves and Ressources of Copper - Distribution of Copper Deposits in the World
Mining Mining
Exploration of a Copper Mine - Production of Copper Concentrates: Getting the Minerals from the Ore Body, Milling, Flotation - Environmental Aspects - Biggest Mines and Mining Companies - Cost Structures - Marketing Copper Concentrates - TC/RCs
Hydrometallurgy Hydrometallurgical Production
Heap and Dump Leaching - Solventextraction/Electrowinning (SX/EW) - Economics - Biggest Leaching Plants
Recycling Smelting and Refining
Sampling and Analytics of Concentrates - Types of Smelting and Converting Operations - Casting Anodes - Electrolytic Refining - Use of By-Products - Environmental Aspects - Biggest Smelters and Refiners - Economics - Leaching of Concentrates
Recycling Recycling
Scrap as an important Copper Ressource - Types of Scrap: New Scrap, Old Scrap, Electronic Scrap, Residues - Sampling of Scrap - Smelting and Refining - Environmental Aspects - Economics - Biggest Recycling Companies
Cathode Cathodes - the Base of all Copper Business
Quality - Brand Registration - Biggest Cathode Producers - LME - Hedging - Trading - Pricing of Copper Products
Products Copper Products
First Use of Copper Cathodes: Wire Rod, Billets, Cakes - Copper Powder - Alloys:Brass, Bronze, HPAs - Semis: Wires, Strip, Foils, Tubes, Profiles - the biggest Cable and Semis Producers- - Copper vs. Aluminium- Cost and Economics - Copper Chemicals
Products Applications
Generation, Transformation and Distribution of Electrical Power - Role of Copper in Renewable Energy - Electrical Motors - Copper in Houses and Cars - Heat Transfer: ACR, Cooling of Computer CPUs
Value Chain Economics from Ore to final Applications
The Value Chain of Copper: Revenues, Financing, Risks, Yield and Scrap Rate - Substitution of Copper - Energy Consumption
Value Chain Appendix
Tables of Coppper Companies: Mines, Smelters and Refiners, Semis Producers - Copper Related Organisations - Literature - Copper Studies